In the African nation of Ghana, lower-respiratory illnesses, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and diarrheal diseases account for 28% of deaths. All of these conditions can require extended intravenous fluid line (IV) use. Currently, nurses in hospitals and clinics in Ghana frequently go from bed to bed and manually count and re-calculate IV drip rates. In highly-crowded facilities, this can become an overwhelming and error-prone process.
Team Flow is developing an efficient, user-friendly, and cost-effective method to accurately monitor and control the release intravenous fluids into patients. Our design considerations are grounded in our collaboration with an experienced emergency nurse at Komfo Anyoke Teaching Hospital, consultation with the University of Michigan’s Center for Socially Engaged Design, and literature review. Our members have traveled abroad on M-HEAL’s 2019 Service and Needs Assessment trip to Guatemala and the University of Michigan’s 2019 Global Health Design Initiative trip to Ghana. These experiences granted insight on specific IV administration needs. We have used our findings to develop requirements and specifications for our IV drip monitoring and controlling solution and have generated an array of concepts to this regard. We are currently working to narrow our focus to several concepts for use in low-fidelity prototyping.